Why It’s Taking Less and Less to Manufacture More of the Things We Want

Manufacturing productivity has been on a tear. It’s nearly doubled versus construction productivity over the last couple decades.

Ever wonder why? I do. And at the heart of the answer is the increasing use of programmable logic controllers. These specialized computers analyze data, act on programmed, complex functions, report on a facility’s performance and hiccups, and generally supervise the operation. Simply, they orchestrate key parts of the industrial process.

Overview of productivity improvement of time from 1994-2012. Source: Expert Interviews; IHS Global Insights

Like all things computerized, these tools are getting better at a very rapid pace.

This recent Gatorade promo video drove the point home for me—it shows how incredibly accurate and reliable modern control systems have become.

The perfectly timed, rapid precision controls making this video possible also enable HP’s new 3D printer to deposit 350 million fusing agent droplets per second with 30,000 nozzles. And they allow CNC machines to remove material from an object while moving along seven axes.

What makes this even more exciting? It shows just one element delivering performance that only 10 years ago was unthinkable. Now imagine what happens when we pair it with others.

A wide range of factors contribute to the improving performance and declining cost of these tools. Microprocessors, digital storage, memory, input-output, software—they’ve all followed an exponential curve and helped supercharge manufacturing to deliver what we see today.

Take sensors, for example.

From 2004 to 2013, image sensors have had a 5x decrease in the space between pixels (pixel pitch) and a 10x increase in image resolution. This improvement—which is already compounding the effects of programmable logic controllers by providing pick-and-place robots with the eyes they need to make rapid selections—is further boosted by advances in other areas. Without a greater range of bright and dark areas in images (HDR) and many more frames per second (time resolution), enabled by increased edge computing power, image sensors would not be nearly as effective as they are today.

Improved processing of this data flood, thanks to deep learning algorithms operating in the cloud, for example, makes the evolution look even faster. The results are stunning—we can use sensor input to automatically create new machine toolpaths that adapt to changes in materials or obstacles in real time.

Source: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.

The same is true for the localization and orchestration of distributed computing in edge devices (computing devices located near machines instead of a central hub), which are enabling more rapid, autonomous reaction to changing events instead of following a pre-defined set of actions. The marriage of sensors and actuators, most prominently in so-called collaborative robots (or “cobots”), is another such example.

Normally new technologies reinvigorate the development of an application after previous improvements start to flag. This process looks like a group of linked S-shaped curves over time. In manufacturing, we’re instead seeing multiple, simultaneous technology developments stretching over longer time-periods supercharging the opportunities for improvement.


So, the incredibly fine and reliable control demonstrated in the Gatorade video is only one of many technologies moving manufacturing ahead at a quick pace. Where will this symbiosis of technological acceleration take us? In my view: Distributed, on-demand, agile manufacturing. But that’s a story for another time.

Image Credit: Gatorade/G Active via YouTube

Andre Wegner
Andre Wegnerhttps://authentise.com/tech/andre.html
Andre Wegner is founder and CEO of Authentise. Andre is a frequent speaker on emerging intellectual property issues in 3D Printing and opportunities of distributed manufacturing at events such as Singularity University, Rapid, Designer of Things, Inside 3D Printing, 3D Print Show, Pacific Crest & WIRED. He has been quoted in publications such as BBC News, MIT Tech Review, Chicago Tribune, and Bloomberg. He is an expert in greenfield value chain creation, leading the development of a $300m low income gas distribution business for West Africa's leading Oil and Gas company. Prior to founding Authentise Andre also managed a venture capital fund in Nigeria and advisory services in India. Andre is a graduate of St. Andrews University (M.A. - UK), ESSEC (M.Sc. - France) and Singularity University (California).
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