When 19-year-old Palmer Luckey launched an ambitious virtual reality Kickstarter campaign back in 2012, in no way could he have dreamt up a scenario that involved reawakening a billion-dollar industry, grabbing Mark Zuckerberg as a boss, or fueling a conglomerate arms race between Facebook, Google, Samsung, Sony, HTC, Intel and AMD.
But that’s exactly what happened.
His redesign of virtual reality for the 21st century defied all expectations, raising ten times the initial $250,000 goal. Not only did Luckey’s campaign attract $2.5 million dollars, he also captured a growing market segment yearning for VR. To put it simply—gamers were stoked.
Surprisingly, so too was Mark Zuckerberg.
Zuckerberg became enthralled by VR’s raw potential to disrupt gaming, entertainment and of course, social (imagine Skyping with your friend in China, but instead of chatting with a 2D image, you are both virtually together on the same couch in 3D, immersed in conversation).
Consequently in 2014, less than two years after the Kickstarter, Facebook acquired Oculus for $2.2 billion dollars, and in doing so legitimized the VR industry overnight.
“We’re making a long-term bet that immersive, virtual and augmented reality will become part of people’s daily life,” said Zuckerberg.
With his track record for sniffing out “what’s next” and a distribution network of 1+ billion people, many have been quick to infer VR has a very bright future. Some analysts are already predicting VR will generate $30 billion in revenue by 2020, and many of Zuckerberg’s Silicon Valley counterparts haven’t hesitated to make similar predictions.
VR is still perhaps one or two years away from going mainstream, but more consumers are being exposed to it than ever before. Advancements in headset technology regularly make front page news on CNN, the Wall Street Journal, Business Insider and Wired. VR has even infiltrated the holy grail of pop-culture, prominently featured (and lampooned) on a recent episode of South Park.
But none of this VIP treatment matters if the product can’t sell. With the consumer Oculus Rift six to twelve months away, some are still on the fence, debating if they should buy the hype.
Realistically, many businesses don’t have time to wait and are already bracing for a future with VR in it. As executives scramble to invest in their own VR initiatives, many want to know what’s actually happening in the space.
Below are excerpts from Greenlight VR’s July Research Report, which investigate trends on the state of the industry, including VR growth, investments and opportunities.
The Industry Is Expanding Rapidly
The number of companies we consider “pure-play” VR—those with a majority of their revenues derived from selling virtual reality related products and services—has spiked 250% since 2012 (which unsurprisingly coincides with the timeframe of Oculus launching a Kickstarter in ‘12).
Over a Quarter of All VR Companies Are Less Than a Year Old
This means a majority of VR companies are early-stage startups. Examining the landscape most companies (27.7%) are less than a year old and almost half (47.9%) of VR companies have between 0-1 years of experience. The bottom line: don’t be intimidated to jump in. Most are just getting their feet wet and experimenting in the space for the very first time.
Virtual Reality Is Going Global
While the United States accounts for nearly 51% of the entire VR landscape, the other 49% of companies we track are spread across 45 different countries and 6 continents.
Much of the undiscovered talent (e.g., developers and designers with VR project experience) exists overseas. To that point, the countries with large-scale VR operations beyond the US are the UK and Canada, with emerging communities taking shape in France, Germany, Australia, Spain, Japan, Netherlands, Switzerland, China, Italy and Portugal.
Investment Is Flowing Into VR
In the last five years, virtual reality companies have raised $746 million in venture capital investments. Investors pumped 50% more money into VR startups during the first six months of 2015 than in all of 2014—a good sign for the industry.
Investors Are Bullish—But Still Cautious
Of the 163 VCs in the space with at least one investment in a virtual reality company, almost 90% have invested in only one company. While some investors are relaying multiple investments and/or creating VR-specific funds, a majority of investors are taking a “wait-and-see” approach.
Opportunities Exist in Education, Healthcare and Social
When examining the fundraising landscape in VR, notice a majority of the investments are heavily linked to the gaming/entertainment sectors—which makes sense, as gaming is likely to dominate the industry early. But this space (along with architecture/3D visualization) is highly competitive. For those daring enough to dream big in education, social experiences and/or healthcare, these are highly underfunded areas ripe for disruption.
With many curious to explore VR, Greenlight VR created a comprehensive ecosystem map that outlines premier companies and sectors in the space.
Distribution Platform: Distributions platforms contain VR applications and content available for viewing, download, and/or purchase by consumers.
Examples: Oculus Share, Youtube
Peripherals: Companies that produce supplemental virtual reality accessories (cave, treadmill, wearable) to the headset.
Examples: Virtuix Omni, Sixense, The Void
Camera Capture Hardware: Companies who make specialty cameras and related equipment used in capturing virtual reality content.
Example: Go Pro
Stitching Software: Companies who make audio and video editing tools for virtual reality productions.
Head Mounted Display: Companies who manufacture virtual reality headsets and related equipment.
Examples: Oculus Rift, Gear VR, Cardboard
Engines: Companies who make 3D rendering and processing engines as an enabling input for virtual reality content.
Examples: Intel, Unity
Research Institutions: Organizations performing groundbreaking research related to virtual reality.
Example: Stanford University
Media: Virtual reality specific media outlets covering news, interviews, projects, podcasts, etc.
Example: Upload VR
Content (Cinematic): Companies that produce cinematic or experiential (non-game) virtual reality content.
Examples: Blue 44 Productions, Innerspace
Content (Gaming): Companies that produce virtual reality games.
Examples: Epic Games, Harmonix
Content (Healthcare): Companies that create games, videos, and applications, which have the explicit purpose of improving consumer’s health and wellness.
Content (Social): Companies that primarily produce content that is enjoyed in a peer-to-peer social network in VR.
Example: Altspace VR
Content (Live/Action, Sports & Music Entertainment): Companies that create sports and musical content which can be either pre-recorded or live broadcast.
Examples: Jaunt, Fox Sports
Content (Enterprise): VR service or agency creating content for profit (architecture, real-estate, financial modeling, marketing campaigns, etc.)
Examples: Digitas, Patron, Mountain Dew, Arch Virtual
Content (Education): Companies engaged in producing virtual reality content to be educational.
Content (Journalism): Companies who produce news, documentaries, and other journalistic virtual reality experiences.
[banner image courtesy of Shutterstock.com]
Howie is a senior research analyst for Greenlight VR. Greenlight VR is the industry leader in market intelligence for the global virtual reality economy. The company tracks more virtual and augmented reality companies than any other market data company — to date, over 1 million data points on thousands of companies. To learn more, visit www.greenlightvr.com
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