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Sam Baron

Dr. Baron's present research focuses on the connection between key topics in the philosophy of mathematics concerning mathematical ontology and topics in the philosophy of time concerning temporal ontology.

A central focus of this research is the role of truth-making and non-causal explanation in arguments both for and against particular ontological views.

Dr. Baron is currently investigating the role of non-causal explanation in the indispensability argument for the existence of mathematical objects, as well as timelessness in theories of quantum gravity and timelessness in metaphysics more generally.

From This Author


In the New Disney Pixar Movie Lightyear, Time Gets Bendy. Is Time Travel Real, or Just Science Fiction?

Spoiler alert: this article explains a key plot point, but we don’t give away anything you won’t see in trailers. Thanks to reader Florence, 7, for her questions. At the beginning of the new Disney...

Time Might Not Exist, Physicists Say; Causation Is the Basic Feature of Our Universe

Does time exist? The answer to this question may seem obvious: of course it does! Just look at a calendar or a clock. But developments in physics suggest the non-existence of time is an open...

Humans Didn’t Invent Mathematics, It’s What the World Is Made Of

Many people think that mathematics is a human invention. To this way of thinking, mathematics is like a language: it may describe real things in the world, but it doesn’t “exist” outside the minds...

New Warp Drive Research Dashes Faster-Than-Light Travel Dreams—but Reveals Stranger Possibilities

In 1994, physicist Miguel Alcubierre proposed a radical technology that would allow faster-than-light travel: the warp drive, a hypothetical way to skirt around the universe’s ultimate speed limit by bending the fabric of reality. It...

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